Capital: Prague

Population: 10,562,214 (2011 estimate)

Location: Central Europe

The Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe, situated south-east of Germany and bordering Austria to the south, Poland to the north and Slovakia to the south-east.
The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. The temperature difference between summer and winter is relatively high, due to the landlocked geographical position. 
Nature and Landscape
Nature in the Czech Republic and its forests and mountains were inhabited and cultivated since the ancient times. In spite of it we can still found beautiful untouched, wild places, unique with their sceneries and formations. The animals which still live in these areas - such as the wolf, the wildcat, the lynx, the big bustard and the grouse - are elswhere know only from books and zoological gardens.
Labyrinths of caves connected by underground rivers, large caverns with unique stalagmites and stalactites, extensive halls with prehistoric traces, a river, which in the depth of one hundred metres forges its way through the largest Czech gorge…These are unique places of the underground world, which you can discover in the Czech Republic.
Hundred-spired Prague, Prague – the mother of cities, magical Prague. These are just three titles which the capital of the Czech Republic proudly wears. Since the very beginnings of the Czech state, it has been its natural political, business and cultural centre. This historic yet modern city is more than 1,000 years old. It has an extraordinary charm about it which can be sensed in every season. Its status as a UNESCO World Heritage site speaks for its worth.
The Czech Republic lies in the heart of Europe, which also means that its history has been everything if not peaceful. It has always been situated at the point of contention between the East and the West. The Byzantine and Roman empires once fought for the Czech lands, and not much changed until the fall of communism twenty years ago. The Gothic castle and border fortifications from World War Two are remnants of those turbulent times. Jewish monuments also have a story to tell and the best of the cultural heritage is captured by museums and open-air museums and above all the UNESCO monuments.
In order for tourists to more easily gain their bearings, the Czech Republic is divided into 17 tourist regions. These divisions do not copy the institutional borders, but place an emphasis on the related tourism offer. The most visited region is the capital, Prague, but it would be a mistake to stay only here when visiting the Czech Republic. You will only learn what Central Europe is really like after visiting Bohemian Paradise, South Bohemia, South Moravia and the West Bohemia spas. 
As far as drinks are concerned, the Czechs especially are especially good at production and consumption of beer (they are the number one beer drinkers in the world).